Historic, archived document Do not assume content reflects current scientific knowledge, policies, or practices INDEXJED / # AUG S 1 ^ pt r.f ^ 19 12 CATALOGUE OF Thoroug^iJlEcd Plants E. W. TOWNSEND THE FAIR-DEALING NURSERYMAN SALISBURY, MARYLAND v^^^^^- What The Wicoms^o News Says of Us. ONE OF OL'R LOCAL PAPERS. There is no section of the coum.ry so suitable in soil and climate for the successful raising of strawberry plants and melons seed as tliat sur- rounding Salisbury, and^ when this business is in the hands of a man who was brought up on a berry farih, has made the cultivation of them a life study and has succeeded in originating the best varieties now on the market it has reached its highest itate of perfection. At the beautifully situated and pighly cultivated farm of Mr. E. W Townsend, near Salisbury, can be I seen the ideal place for the raising of plants for shipment, and he has succeeded by supplying only the best to growers in building up a busines^ with the most careful and discrimin- ating planters that has extended to every part of the country. His plants are not experiments, but have splenilidly stood the test of time and pro- duce berries which for yield to the iicre and delicacy of flavor are not to be equaled. On his farm Mr- Towns end raises over seventy -five varieties adapted to every soil and climate where berries are grown. Some of the plants which have had the largest sales and are most in demand by ex- perienced growers are the "Climax" and "Missionary," both early bearers, and the "Chesapeake," a late berry which has proved very popular- The "Autumn" and "Pan-American" are two varieties that will grow anywhere and bear from the last days of AJigust until Jack Frost puts in an ap- pearance. . Mr. Townsend is a recognized authority in a section where nearly everyone has more than an average! knowledge of plants. He has over jO acres planted in them, and they are shipped, packed securely, by ex- press, mail or freight- -L M A R(yi CERTIFICATE OF \URSERY INSPECTION e« 'liljom 3t filiiy (tniirmi: ' ,.™,.,. ^^^ ._„. ^ J^.-^rtrr Our Annual Letter To You And How It Has Been With Us. DEAR CUSTOMERS :- I am thankful to be favored with the privilege to write this, another annual letter to you, but am frank to say that I utterly fail to find words to write to express to YOU MY appreciation of the many favors bestowed upon me the past season. Surely no other mail order con- cern in the world has tried harder to please their customers than we have. But we are still striving to do even better things for you. With your many kind letters you have encouraged us on to do this. You have caused us each j'ear to largely increase our acreage and facilities, and to you we give a great deal of the credit of our success. The season of 1911 has not been the best for plant growth, owning to the long drought which prevailed with us from May the first until August the first. We lost many acres of plants entirely, but we were fortunate in setting the majority of our plants in the fall, which saved us and has ca'jsed us to have a fair sup ply of plants. We have had favorable seasons since August 1st, and will have a crop of plants fully up to our standard, as far as quality is concerned. In writing this catalog I am trying to t'.'v.- :->ii tb • plain facts as I have found them in regard to the different viiriitifs 7 am still striving hard to better the Strawberry World. Xo time or o.x))<-n.>-«' U- considered. We have a trial j.lot !his season of three acres, nearly on.' bunded new varieties, which we believe to be the largest and most ex pcn.sive trial bed ever grown by any one in the business. This plot has been W;i1i.'h€d by me daily from the time the i);ants were set until now and will b.^ carefully watched until the last fruit is gathered. Surely this service should be worth something to you, and you are welcome to it. This is my duty. I owe it to you for your many kind favors to me. It is known by a great many of my customers that a variety that does well in one locality will not always do well in others. I have always tried hard to learn the behavior of all different varieties sent out by us in the different states. This information is always given to our customers gladly, and many limes ena- bles them to make a perfect select ion. ( 'f all the .small fruits the strawberry ap- pears to be one of the most suscepti'.jle to changes of environment not only due to a different locality but also due to wide ly varying climatic changes. This probably is due to the comparatively small root .system of the plant which is quickly af- fected at times by unfavorable weather especially as the ripening season approach es. The water supply is the greatest importance. It is stated that in 100 lbs of ripe fruit there is 85 to 95 lbs of water, so as the irrigation syst<^m is ad vanced this problem of picking out va- rieties will be greatly lessened. Owing to the smallness of this catalog we are compelled to omit many of the testimonials sent us. I would haA'e every one here if I had the space. Several pages will be devoted in our 1913 book, testimonials alone just as they were sent us unsolicited. IT WILL PAY \0U I want to say to the grower who has never had plants from us that no other nursery exercises more care to serve cus tomers satisfactory, while better stock than ours can not be bought. Let us show you what we can do. Our business methods will please you, while the quality of our stock will be far be- yond your expectations. We know how to grow THOROUGH- BRED STOCK. We use the same meth- ods in growing our THOROUGHBP.ED PLAXTS.Like begets like, same in plants as in stock. Better pay ten dol- lars for one thousand plants of Thorough bred stock than S3t one thousand common field grown plants if they are given to '. ou. The kind of saving that you save on the common stock ite not to our liking. When you deal in common stock, this saving,! think, is added to the wrong side of your ledger.Our plants are cheap enough in price. We do not think that we will have any falling out about the price. Thanking you in advance for your many pa.st favors, and soliciting your future orders which will have our same careful and prompt attention. I am, Yours very truly, E. W. Townsend, Pres. The Fair Dealing Nurseryman. Salisburv, Md. Instructions Tor Ordering, Etc. Orders — Orders should be seat in just as soon as possible, it is better for you as well as the nurseryman. Time of Shipment— From the time you receive this catalogue until May 1st. Our heaviest shipments are in March and April. Guaiantee— We guarantee plants to each customer in good condi- tion when ordered by mail ore xpress,and taken from office on arrival and opened at once. All orders by ireight at owner's risk. Packing— We make no extra charge for packing. All plants are de- livered f. o. b. train at prices quoted in this catalogue. True to Name— While we exercise the greatest care to have every plant true to name, and are ready, on proper proof, to replace any plants shipped by us that prove to be otherwise, free of charge, it is understood and agreed that we will not be held responsible for any sum greater than the cost of the plants that may prove untrue. Claims — If any. must be made within five days from receipt of goods Twenty Five's— All plants are tied twenty-five to the bundle Terms — Inv^anably cash in advance. Hemit by Registered Letter, Money Order or Draft. References— Farmers & Merchants Bank, Salisbury Building Loan & Banking Association, Agent Adams Express Company, Agent N. Y. p. & N. R. R., Postmaster or any business man of Salisbury. Md., Dunn's Commercial Agency. Do You Know— Of tvvo or three persons who buy plants who want the best varieties that are grown? If so they are the people we are look- ing for. Their names and addresses on a postal, or with your order ad- dressed to E. W. Townsend & Co., SalisLury, T.Id., would serve as an introduction. Please do this for us and we will remember you when we receive your order with one of our Fancy Collections. The above cut shows a portion of our Plant Farm wheie our Thorough- breds are grown. Our buildings are shown in the background Catalogue of Thoroughbred Strawberry Plants NEW STRAWBERRIES We are adding to our already long list of varieties of strawberry plants two more extra good ones.both early varieties of our own origin. THE MAUD MULLER— Is a perfect va- riety ripening two to three days later then its parent, the Excelsior. l4—iww» Ml III il ii 1 1, l l ii r I I I 1 liii II 1 1 I nnrrnt r-rT-^_ strong plant maker.healthy and vigorous the season through. Fruit much larger than Excelsior, more prolific, and milder flavor. Will make just as good carrier as the Excelsior and we see no reason why it will not take the place of the former. We have a lim- ited stock of plants and trust that all our customers that favor us with their orders for Excelsior will add a few of the MAUD MULLER, -per. THr> EARLY QUEEX,-per, is the berry that drew the attention of every one who visited our trial beds the past fruiting season while they were in fruit. While the season with us was the most unfavorable season we have ever ex- peiienced the Early Queen is a chance seedling found growing by one of our neighbors a few years ago. We were shown the berries from the young plants last season when they began to fruit and could not hardly believe that the berries were picked from the Early Queen, as we now call them, but went to the bed ourselves and were more than delighted with our gift. We ."-=;': every plant the past season '.-.. was grown, ex- cept twelve feet in row to test, and have succeeded in growing this season several thousand nice plants. We describe them as follow.s:plants strong and vigor- ous, making a moderate supply of plants, foliage has shown no sign of rust, as productive as any one could wish, every plant being heavily loaded with the finest fruit that was ever grown on our farm. We do not except Wm. Belt, Chesa- peake, or any other variety. The past season, while as stated above, was very unfavorable for the berry crop, several old standards not being worth picking, in the same plot the si/.e of the Early nQueen it was equal to any variety grown by us, every berry being all most per- fect in shape, with heavy dark green ^alx.The season of ripening is but few days behind the Excelsior. We now think by adding these two varieties to our list of early varieties, including the FIRST PRIZE, per, sent out the past season, that we can please all growers looking for early varieties. We have made the price very reasonable and trust that every customer will try them this season. STANDARD VARITIES :^RST -PRIZE, --per, --We were more then ever pleased with "the behavior of this variety the past season as the season was the driest ever experienc ed here. The dry weather seemed to take but little effect upon them, seldom find- ing a berry out of shape or size and they fruited their usual heavy crop of fruit that is seldom surpassed by any variety. This proves to us that it will be classed in the front ranks with the leading early varieties in a few season. Again, this season for plant making has been very unfavorable. The FIRST PRIZE has made a splendid growth of extra fine plants, the best in pur fields and we have over one hun- dred varieties. We advise each one that is interested in the growing of Straw- ben;ies to give them a trial.We ship- ped the fruit the past season two hundred miles and ^yere informed by our commis- sion merchant that they arrived in first class condition. (This was by express.) TOWNSENDS LATE CHAMPION. E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md. TOWNSEND'S LATE CHAMPION.per, A berry that ripens a few days earlier then the Gandy.This variety was in- troduced by us the past season. While we have been growing- them for six" years we have never failed to get a fine crop of fruit. Plants show no signs of weak- ness cf any kind, fruit large and round, is conical, rarely mis-shapen, glossy red though produces an a abundance, not quit so late as the Gandy but will pick twice the quantity of berries. and ones that are equal in every respect and has all the quality neccessary for a commercial berry "While we have 10 other late varieties and have tested many others that we hav discarded, this variety is strongly our fa- vorite. This variety was found growing near a bed of Aroma. and we believe Is a cross from that variety. You will make no mistake in trying them. We have a fine stock of well rooted plants at reasonable prices for a new variety that has the merits of this one. MARYLAND PRIZE, — imp, season early to late. This is one of our intro- ductions in 1911, having fruited it now three seasons. And we recommend it to any grower that desires an extra FANCY variety, has thp longest fruiting season of any variety we grow. Plants strong and healthy, and seem to do best on low springy soil. Flavor resem- bles that of Wm.Belt.Fruit firm e- nough to ship to distant markets, size large to extra large. Any one looking for something for family use can not find any thing better when properly polli- nized.We recommend setting as follows; three rows 1st Prize, rows Maryland Prize, 3 rows Townsend Late Champion for an Ideal Family patch. Get a few plants of each variety and start your garden. You will never regret the pur- chase. Plant for this season. NANTICOKE (Per)— Found growing in Nanticoke district, this county (Wicomi- co), after fruiting it for several sea- sons, a fiiend of ours sent us 100 plants to test, after receiving his description we decided that it must be something extra, and after we have tested it one season, we are of the same opinion as the originator. We believe that anyone looking for an extra fancy berry will like the Nanticoke, as it has all the qualities that go to make up a strictly fancy berry. It is the richest flavored berry I ever saw, and one that a grow- er would want to last the whole year round. It is not quite as productive as some sorts, but its size and quality will make up for quarts. The best class of trade will draw to this berry and we ad- vise all growers that are after a strictly fancy berry, to get a few Nanticokes, to start with, as our supply is very small this season, and you can not posi- tively get them from anyone else. The foliage is very large and the plants stand up well and make a good growth of strong plants. Season early to mid-sea- son. The Nanticoke will be sent out un- der a guarantee your money back if it does not give entire satisfaction, after s-iving it a trial. Price, $1.00 per doz.; $5.00 per 100, prepaid to any State in the Union. NORWOOD (Per) — Mid-season with us. The berry that has been widely advertise that four berries have filled a quart box. While the berry is very large and good quality we have not grown them to that size. Makes a moderate supply of large healthy plants and moderately pro- ductive.We have a fine stock of plants, very low considering what price we paid for them. They are worthy of a trial in any one's garden. BUBACH (Imp)— Mid-season, too late. An old and popular variety, one of the best plant sellers in the lot. Fruit with Townsend's late Champion and you will get what you are looking for. A fine crop of big red berries, rich e- nough for a king. '^ CHIPMA— Mid-season with us. This variety is wonderfully productive, fruit very large and firm and is fast coming to the front as a commercial variety. Will colored and shaped and we advise all our customers that have not tried them to set some plants at once if they are growing for market. COOPER (Per) — Mid-season. A variety that hails from N.Y. Is a very highly flavored variety, conical shaped, colors all over a very dark red. Nothing better for canning and preserving. The origna- tor praises it very highly and says that it is the very best variety he ever saw. Mr. Samuel Coopre,Delavan,N.Y.,is the originator.Is a seedling from Pan-Ameri- can. We have a fine stock of plants, Catalogue of Thoroughbred Strawberry Plants CARDINAL (Imp)— Mid-geason, too late. A great favorite with some growers in the western states. We have a fine stock of plants. MARSHALL CPer)— Mld-sf-ason. This is a very fancj^ berry for the Xew Eng- land markets, always taking first place. One of the richest flavored varieties g-rown our stock of Thoroughbreds js the standard. Very seldom we noticed the past season Marshall berries grown in our neighbor- hood at the station with ours that you would never thought were the same old variety. Our plants are strong and healthy and bring out all there is in them. Get the Marshall from us. You will be pleased. >SALISiiL-Lcx , imp-early to mid-season. We have never seen a variety of any season that is as firm as this one. This is its greatest quality. Fruit is medium size color light red all over, extra pro- ductive, fruits a long season. It can be shipped from one side of the country to the other with perfect safety. Two years ago we had a quart to set in onr pantry for two weeks and at the end of that time were considered firm and salable. Th are more productive than the Klondyke and a great deal better carrier and will be greatly grown by all long distance shippers in a few years. Plant growth gooi, free from rust. STEVENS— late champion CPer)— A very late variety, gives gooi satisfaction in the northern states, too soft for long distance shipment. Very productive, good plant maker. CHESAPEAKE (Per) late. We musv say that we are pleased more and more every season with the Chesapeake. In fruiting season it makes one think that he had set his entire farm in them. It ^s impossible for we nurserymen in the east to grow enough plants of this va- rietj-, as the demand quadruples every season. Some growers have made a slight kick owing to plant growth not being sufficient, but this can be rem- edied by setting in springy soil and you will get all the bed desired. We have in our trial plot this season where we have something like one hundred va- rieties and there is nothing in the plot better bedded than the Chesapeake. Get the Thoroughbred plants and start right if you have not tried them. We will make our price this season in reach of all. A Field of Chesapeakes, the Popular Late Variety, E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md. FIELD OF KLONDYKES- HEFLIN'S EARLY (Per)— Has its greatest popularity in the South. Fruit large to extra large, firm, good quality, always bringing the highest price in market. We have a fine stock of plants, entirely free from disease, at a very low price. HAVERLAND (Imp)— One of the very best mid-seasons when pollinized with SEN-DUNLAP, as we think the two va- rieties should never be parted. Each va- riety seems to do better when set to- gether.. There are nothing better for com- mercial purposes in the northern states. Have a good supply of plants but al- ways sell out early in season. If you de- sire the Thoroughbreds let us have the order early. GOLDEN GATE (Per)— Mid-season to late. A very good variety, hails from Mass., sent out by the grand old man, S. H. Warren. Where a fancy variety is wanted and quality is required, take this one. HUMMER — Mid-season. Extra large, quality poor, very soft, very showy and a favorite with most market gardeners. EXCELSIOR. One of the oldest early sorts, known everywhere and is still the standard with lots of growers. We have a fine stock of plants at extremely low figures. Write for discount on large or- ders. Don't forget to try some Maud Muller with them, same season. Twice as large, twice as good every way. PARSON'S BEAUTY— Mid-season. Ex- tra productive, size large, moderately firm, good strong plant maker. In some sections it is planted more than any other variety. Very fine table berry and, excellent, for canning purposes. DUNCAJSr Late, with us. Not very popular, fruit medium to large, quality poor, very productive, good plant maker. TENN — An old favorite in the South. A very fancy berry and very productive. Good quality, will take care of itsself. Called the poor man's berry. HOFFMAN (Per)— An old standard in the South, especially Virginia. Too well known to need description. Season very earliest to ripen. Catalogue of Thoroughbred Strawberry Plants A QUART OF NEW SUPERIORS FENDALL (Imp)— Early to late, one of our handsome varieties, orignated in Balti more Co,Md.,and is now giving satisfac- tion all over the country as a strictly fancy variety. Holds a record of 16000. quarts per acre. I advise an early va- riety and a late variety to give proper pollinization. We grow it with profit in this way, two rows Maud MuUer, four rows Fendall,two rows Townsend's Late Champ. ^ NEW SUPERIOR (Per)— Early to Mid-season. When given the proper cul- ture is a grand bet-i-y, requires rich jSpil and hill culture or narrow matted .ilPw.Qood shipper, goOd quality. .^UNCLE JIM— Mid-Season, too late. Fruit large, very fifnl, a great favorite in some localities, fine plant maker, free from rust and disease. Always good de- mand for plants. E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md, NEW YORK— Mid- season. Extra large, very fancy, flavor mild, moderately firm, good for local market. MASCOT (Per) — Late. There seems to be some mis Lake with plant g-r rivers in regard to this variety. Lots of tiieni have gotten h-^ld of the wrong article. And it is to be very much regretted, as the Mascot is a particular extra fin? variety and a fancy berry and one of the latest we know of. This variety is giving us general satisfaction as a late variety and we are receiving even from Experiment stations descrij^tions of it, describing it as being an early variety, small size and very poor flavor, etc. Several of these parties and stations we have taken it upon ourselves to write them and offer a sample of the genuine plants FREE so as to set them right. Tne MAcsCOT is the lai'gest berry we grow, also the latest. Also firm, pro- ductive and qiiality very fine. Our stock of plants are low this season but we will be glad to fill all the small orders we can to the parties that have bought them elsewhere and found them not to be as Ave represent them here. ERNEST, Imp, Mid-Season. This berry was found by our partner, sea- son 1908. He has haa special care over it since that date. And with special care it is a wonderfully fine variety. There was four quarts of berries picked from the ori-inal four plants at one time. We l:no\v of no variety that surpasses it for production. Size large to very large, round conical shape, firm, color very bright red. Flavor some acid but not more so than many other varieties.Plants entirely free from rust. As a commer- cial variety we predict great success. We have now a fine stock of plants a»d will set heavy of it another season for fruit. Catalogue of Thoroughbred Strawberry Plants. CLIMAX CLIMAX (Per)— An early variety, a few days later Jltan the earliest and a great favorite -vvith us for commercial purposes, always bringing the top notch. We have probably sold more plants of this variety than any other kind since we have been in the business and our de- mand increases every year. Has the greatest record for productiveness of any variety known, when grown from our THOROUGHBRED plants. 20.000 quarts to the acre has been reported. Fruit large and fancy, plants strong and healthy, staying green almost the entire winter. Moderate plant maker. Our stock of plants Is complete. "^^RGIXIA (Imp.) --Extra early, has given very good satisfaction everywhere tested when properly fruited with some variety in its season. We are always short on this plant at the end of season, which shows it to be a good one. MYERS (Imp)— A good mid-season va- riety found by Mr. Harvey Myer sever- al years ago, and is now the leading va- riety around Bridgeville, Del., the leading shipping station for berries in the east. The bloom is imp, but has an abundance of them and when fruited with Parsons, Beauty, New Superioi, Dunlap, will pro- duce with the best and with fruit equal to any. One large grower talking to me a few days ago in regard to Myer, said: the contrast of clear white blossoms.deep green leaves an(? brilliant red fruit, is most striking and bea'itiful, and Is such as we have never seen in any other strawberry. Seems to demand very top prices in every market shipped. We ask all our customers to try them this sea- son. Price reasonable, ,$3. 50 per 100,500 at thousand rates. 10 E. W. I'ownseHd, Salisbury, Md. LADY TOWNSEND .LADY TOWNSEND (Per)— A good early variety where a good long distance shipper is wanted. We know of noth- .^ing that will surpass it in most sections •if not allowed to bed too thick. Fruit is . very large and very fine flavor. We are receiving every season excellent reports • from different sections. Our southern friends are planting hesivy of it on ac- count of its shipping qualities and being extra easy to get a bed. Aroma (Per) — late. A very popular X^ariety in the west, grown by the largest ' associations. Our supply of plants is al- ways sold out early. Is very productive, very firm fruit, large and uniform in size, makes a moderate supply of plants that are strong and healthy. Write for special prices on large orders. PRESIDENT (PER)— late.We have riot fruited this variety enough to give 'a perfect description as we always sell out close every season and have never grown it in a large way. THREE ^W's. (Per)— Mid-season. Or- iginated in Tenn. by W. W. Wallace. Is a very fine variety with us and ex- traordinai'y good crop. per. The. dry ■ weather , in fruiting season seeMed to take 'but little effect upon thenj.Fruit , will class as fancy quality, the "^best. W« shall set heavy of it the comiifg.season for fruiting purposes. SAMPLE, very -late but not the latest. Is an "all round good variety. We advised Townsend's late Champion set with Sample for a-n ideal ' late patch. Both heavy croppers and entirely' free from rust. RED-BIRD-early Imp.A variety claimed by some to be one of the very earliest and best of the early sorts, but has not proven the best for customers in some sections. Requires good attention and the best of soil; will do best under hill culture, fruit long pointed, not very fit'm.We have fine stock of plants true to those wishing them. Catalogue of Thoroughbred Steawberry Plants. 11 :-'W " . "^ --1^* A. i Section of a Row of Climax EXCELSIOR, a srr^at favorite with inanr. one of the eai-liest to ripen. We nit.^ about 1,000,000 Strictly Thorough- ijr-_v! Dlants of tmt; variety. Prices low. Ir z'^ou desire this variety we can please you both in quality and price. EARLY OZARK fPer)— An early varie- ty from Mo., which is making a hit al- most everywhere it is grown. AVe have never been able to fruit in a large way, out the' reports that come in to us make us believe that it is winning its wav to the front. 'We advise our cus- tomers to try It. The Improved Earlv Superior, (or Xew buperior,) called by a great many of i>ur customers, is indeed a wonderful Derrv. It is firm enough to please any one. Quality not surDassed by Wm.Belt, as picductive as any StrawberiT ever grown when given the proper attention. Siz^ will compare favorably with any of tnf early varieties that ripen in its sea- son. It begins to ripen with the ear- liest varieties and continues until late in season. Is a free plant-maker, entirely free from diseases of any kind when grown by us, and in fact I have had no complaint from any one who h.i^ hought the Superior from me. The berry greatly resembles the famous old Gandy, and is taken by many of the city buy- ers for that variety. Our stock of plants is complete and we guarantee this variety to please you, no matter where you are situated. For family gardens we have nothing better to offer you.Hundreds of oui customers are now booking orders for the Superi- or and CLIMAX to set together, both being the same season and unsurpassed for productiveness. Some set one row of each the patch over, others set every other plant in the row. The latter is done in Va. a great deal. C. Haines, of Tabernacle, X. J., writer: I do not think any one can make a mistake in investing in this berry. "Will keep five days on the vines and then be firm. 12 E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md. are re- MISSIONART, per. This is a variety that has made good and come to the front without any advertising. We not the originators but are largely sponsible for its wide distribution in the southern states. And we say with out fear off contradiction that it is the most popular variety grown in Florida to- day. We have been unable to grow e- nough plants to supply our trade for the past two seasons. This season we have largely increased our acreage of MIS- SIONARY, although the season being unfavorable for the growing of plants we expect to be short as usual. We have booked orders the entire sum- mer for this variety from the southern states to be delivered this fall and winter.The Missionary does not confine Its popularity alone in the Southern states. It is fast gaining in the East and West.Va. being its home makes it very popular there, also seasons early, makes plenty of well grown plants that hold the fruit well off the ground, resem- 'bling the Klondyke in that respect. En- tirely free from rust, fruit medium to large, extra firm, quality fine. Taking it as a whole it is an ideal commercial va- riety, and if you have not tried them you should do so at once. Our price have always been very reasonable on this va- riety. This season we have advanced them slightly owing to the short crop we have grown. This we were compelled to do in justice to ourselves. We can fill large orders and allow a discount as usual. BRANDY WINE— late. A great favorite with some but in our judgment there are many late varieties to select from. GLEN MARY, late. Resembles the Gandy.A good one in some sections, in others it fails. GANDY,late.Too well known to need description. We have a fine stock of plants that will give the very best of satisfaction and solicit your orders no matter how large. A Field of Missionary, The Most Popular Variety Grown in the South. Hundred of Growers are discarding the Klondyke for the Missionary, Catalogue of Thoroughbred Strawberry Plants 13 NIC OHMER (Per)— Mid season, to late. A good southern variety not very well known in the north and west. Needs good rich soil to bring out all its quali- ties, should never be allowed to bed too thick, is strictly a fancy variety when properly cared for and will demand top market prices. We have a fine stock of plants this season at reasonadle prices. Get The THOROUGHBREDS from us. and grow twice the amount of berries from the same acreage. WM. BELT — Mid-season. A very large berry with an extra fine flavor. Too well known to need description. Is not a favorite with us on account of rust. ST. LOUIS (Per)— Originated in Ark. by J. A. Bauer. This is one of the very earliest varieties to ripen with us and is a, splendid variety, especially for home use or home market, being too soft to carry well. Makes plenty of strong healthy plants, very productive, berries very large for an early variety. Color light red all over. It will take top prices in any home market and will net the grower as much money as any variety in our list where a home market is con- venient. There is no need of making a long description here as this berry has been fully advertised in almost all cata- logs for the past three seasons. Will only add that we have a fine stock of plants at reasonable prices and will be glad to fill your orders. KLONDYKE (Per)— .We are headquar- ters for this variety. Too well known to need detailed description here. Will add that it is the largest grown of any early variety in this country, owing more to Its shipping qualities than any other point .We have been supplying many of the large associations with this variety for several seasons and will say that we are prepared to handle your orders this season, no matter how large, and can give you the best of service. We have selected the very best of our Maryland soil for the growing of these plants and can say that we have the finest stock that we have ever grown. Let us know your wants and we will give special pric« No matter where you live we can please you. Fall Bearing Varieties This class of strawberries is fast coming to the front in almost every section. For many years none of us paid but little attention to them, but their pop- ularity has compelled us to take notice. I find the most of the fall bearing va- rieties the very best spring croppers that I have. For my own use I would not care to keep all blooms off that come on them in early summer in order to have a bumper crop. They usually bear all the berries we can use when left to them- selves and we have berries from spring until freezes set in. My two favorities for the fall crop are Pan-American and Autumn. The above I quote you this season at 75 cents per Doz, $4.00 per 100, Productive, Imp, Francis, per, Dew Drop, per, Iowa, per Superb, per.Ameri- cus, per, all strictly fall-bearing varie- ties from the same old mother,Pan-Amer can. Prices as follows, per doz. $2. 50, 100 $20.00. TEDDY, R. A variety that has done wonderfully for me but does not seem to be a perfect fall bearer every where else. I think It one of the very best for late spring and early summer varieties, coming in after the Gandy when the markets are clear of fruit, bringing the best of prices. I advise setting Teddy R. whether it bears in fall or not. Prices as follows, per doz., $40 cents, per lUU,$2.50,per 1000, $20,- 00, as long as they last. Crop very short this season. By E. W. Townsend, Pres. P. S. I am asked many questions dur- ing a season in reference to the above varieties and trust that I have made it plain to all what I think -^ them as spring, summer and fall croppers. If you have never grown any of them better do so this season, especially so for family use. There is lots of enjoyment in a nice plate of berries In late summer and fall as well as In spring-time, and if you are a Huckster to near market you can make them VGiy profitable when you can deliver your customers nice ripe ber- ries the whole season. You will do us a favor and also hun- dreds of our customers if you will write us telling which varieties are doing the best with you. This question is asked of us every day, what variety do you rec- ommend for me?I trust you will favor me this time and help me out on My Bit; 1913 Catalog. / 14 E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md. PRICE LIST rOQ SPRING 1912. [Charges Collect] EXTRA EARLY 12 Per. St Louis 20 Per- Excelsior ••-,••• 20 Per. Hoffman 20 ">^Imp. Early Heflins , . 20 Imp. Virginia 30 Per. Early Ozark .. 40 ^^Per. Maud Muller ^ 50 ^^Per, Early Queen 50 Per. Maple Early 50 ^EARLY ^ F'^r Early Halhway : ; '20 Per Fairfield 2') ^^-e^RLY VARIETIES Per' First Prixe 50 Per. Lady Townsend 30 Per, Missionary 20 ^^er. Climax 20 Imfr^ed-Bird 30 ^ Per. Klondyke 20 ^ 'Imp. Md. Prize 50 Per- New Superior . . 30 MIDSEASON Per Roadside -O Per Uncle Jim ->' Imp. Haverland 25 Per. Sen Dunlap 25 Per- Parsons Beauty 25 Per. Tenn Prolific 25 Per. Nic Ohmer 25 Imp. Sample 25 Imp- Bubach 25 Per. Chipman 30 Per. Nanticoke 30 Per. Copper 30 Pe^f^hree W. S- 30 Per. Norwood 50 Per. Marshall 30 Imp. Salisbury 50 Per- Bethel 50 Per. Black Beauty . 50 Per. Barrymore 40 Imp. Paul Jones ' 40 ? .40 $2 50* .40 2 5t)* 40 2 50* 40 2 50* .50 3j00 60 5 00 1 00 8'06* 1 00 8 00 1 00 8 00* 40 3 00 40 3.00 1 00 8.00* .50 3.00* .40 2 50* AO 2 50 .50 3 00 .40 2 50- 1 00 ,^8 00- .50 4,00*. 4" 3 00 -jO oOO .40 3 00 .40 2 50 .40 3 00 .40 3 00 .40 ' 3 00 .40 3.00. .40 3-00 • 50 4.00 J .40 3.0O •40 3.50' .40 ^ 3.50 i 2". 10.00 .40 8.50' ' 100 8.0O 1.00 8.00 1-00 8.Q0 .75 6.00 .75 6.00 Catalogue of Throughbred strawberry Plants. 16 Per- Duncan 30 .50 3-50 Per. Hummer 30 .50 3.50 Per. New York 30 .50 350 Per. Golden Gate 30 .50 3.50 Imp. Ernest ....r.... 40 .75 6.00 Im. Meteor ..:.......,..... 40 .75 600 Per. Wm Belt 30 .50 4.00 Per- Big Joe 30 .50 400 Imp. Cardinal 30 60 5.00 Im. Myers 20 50 3.50 LATE VARIETIES Per. Townsends Late Champion 30 75 6.00* Per- Chesapeake 30 .50 3.50* Per. Mascot 30 .50 3-50* Per. Gandy 20 .30. 2 50* Per. Stevens Late 20 .35 3.00 Per. Glen Mary • • 20 .35 3-00 Per. Aroma 20 .30 2.50* Per. President , 30 .50 400 Per- Brandy wine 30 .50 4.00 ^P^^hA Fairdale Giant 40 -60 5.00 Per. Darlington • . 40 60 5.00 ♦Special prices on large orders* — your returns. Set TOWNSEND.s Thor- 50 plants at 100 rate, 500 at 1000 OUGHBREDS this season and be con- rate see page for prices on fall •TTt77'^^^r'''l ^.«^^^^^>^««^i^^^ IS a house -hold word in nearly every bearing varieties. state. Please do not ask me to allow fur- Ask for special prices on large orders, ther reductions on 1000 lots- Write We solicict orders from the large associa me your Wants and I will make you "«"^' ^^^ ^i" ^^^e special care of the ^, ^ ^ . .,.1 T. i. smallest orders. the best price possible by return ^^ , , , , -rrr .,. . . * *^ Send your order in early, We will ship mail. when you are ready-. When ordering through agents The quality was never better but the please see that our name is both on ^^^P ^s small. Order early, inside and outside of package. We ^^ I ^"^ revising my mailing list I ask my friends to send in a list of the name are advising this to protect you. To ^^ ^heir friends who will be interested in get our THOROUGHBREDS, see that my 1913 catalog.Thanking you in ad- you do. Vance for the favor, and promising you • : a square deal in any order intrusted to REMEMBER,It cost no more to pre- ^^^ j ^^^ Yours very truly, pare an acre of ground to set out THOR ^ ^ Townsend OUGHBREDS than it does to. prepare ^^^^ ^^.^ Dealing Nurseryman. an acre to set the common field grown FREE— Will give free with every order plants. No more cost in setting,no. more amounting to $10.00 or over one doz. cost in working them The only savmg you ^^^,jy Queen.or one dozen Maud Muller, make is in your picking, hauling. and ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ promising early varie- crate bill.This.I think, you will agree ^.^^ p^^^g^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ sending with me is no saving at all. In your orders. Hundreds of others say your plants P. S. I am headquarters for dew -berry grow twice as many berries as plants plants. Lucretia and Austin. My price bought of some other fellow. They cost one half what others ask. Ask for specia but little more and more than double prices on large orders. 16 E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md. Make yoor own selection as early as Large Plants Do Not Always possible for this offer, as we are likely Grow Large Berries. to be sold out of some variety you would prefer later in the season. We We mention this for the benefit of our will book your order for any of these new beginners. For instance, Parsons B., special selections when one-half cash ac- Climax, Harverland, Chesapeake, Aroma companies the order. We await your ad- and others, have extremly large plants, vice before shipping. This is a grand of- when the fruit is not so large as some fer. of the varieties that have but very small .^ plants. We rhention some of the varie- When in doubt wh?t varieties will ties that have very small plants: Tenn. suit you best just write us giving us to Prolific, Klondyke, Missionary, Hoffman, understand whether you desire Extra Sen-Dunlap, Warfield and many of the Early, Medium, Late, or very extremly ^ast mentioned grow larger fruit and are late, whether you grow for home mar- more prolific than the form.er.lOOO Ches- ket or long distance shipments, and allow apeakes will outweigh 1000 Klondykes us to make our own selection for you. three times, ther-fore the small plants We will carefully do this, mail you a are not always runts. copy of your bill at the very lowest price •-•- possible. We are pleasing many of our ^^^ FAVORITES FOR A COLD customers in this way, giving them the benefit of our experience Free. Give CLIMATE number of acres you desire to set. ^^^^^ ^^^^^ .^ ^^^^ ^^ ^ome before the blooming season is over. It is desired in a Substitution.— It is impossible for us climate of this kind to have a variety to have on hand all the varieties listed that is abundant with bloom, and also in this catalog at the end of the season, one that does not bloom all the same as some varieties always take the lead time. Now in the following varieties you over others. But we can, if allowed, often have all that is required to produce a substitute a variety of just as good large crop no matter if you have sev- quality for you and one of higher price veral frosts during the blooming season. and will often do better for you. If you The New SUPERIOR is the first on the will mention this on your order it will ijgt. will stand an unlimited amount of save time and you can rest assured that frost and freezes, and v\-ill bear a full we will give you a square deal. crop. To see them in full bloom one Time is valuable at the close of the would think that the ground was cover- season with all planters and nurserymen. ^^ ^.j^h snow for half a mile away.The We will positively not make the substi- cLIMAX is another one safe for cold tution unless necessary. regions Townsends's Late Champion, -» Parsons Beauty, Maud Miller. First Prize, E. W. Townsend & CO. Haverland, Dunlap, Aroma, Xauticoke. Pocatello Idaho. We know all the above varieties will ' give the best of satisfaction in any Salisbury, Md. ^^^^ climate. And we recommend our Dear Sirs:- customers to make a selection from the The Strawberry plants came in above varieties, those living in the West, good condition. Am well satisfied with North-West, and North, and you will not miss a full crop of fine fruit when Resp, Leo Hurst. these varieties are bought from us. them. Messrs- E. W. Townsend & Co, sET PLANTS IN YOUR YOUNG OR- Gents: -Plants received from you are do- C HARDS ing fine and upholding your reputation here. Will want more later, And make big profits while waiting on Yours very truly. your trees to grow. Thousands are doing C. P. Malloy. this and report big profits, Catalogue of Thoroughbred Strawberry Plants 17 Associations. ATTEXTIOX. Write us your wants. Let us quote special prices on your order. We can please your mem- 6ers. VTe promise you a STuare deal. It cost little more to use our plants, and the yield will be 25 per cent up, more than common field grown, mixed u;j plants, that you can bu5^ cheaper.We are pleaseing other large growers and *ve can buy cheaper. Get our 1913 big book for all your members. It will help them out in their difficulties in growing their crop. We will book your order and ship when wanted. We can dig and pack 500.000 plants da. lyfwhen the weather is open). We use nothing but damp moss to pack with (not too wet, not too dry.) We personally inspect every pa-ikage before taken from our packing house. We have the Thoroughbred stock that will please you. We want your order, little or big. We want it earlj'. All charges prepaid on fall bearing va- rieties to any city in the U. S. when or- der amount to$lO.OO.Xo orders filled for less than $1.00, as it is not ijrofitable to fill orders for less. Get the THOROUGH- BREDS from us and you will not be disap pointed. Treated Him Square And He Told His Neighbors, Now They Are Pleased. Turkey, Fla., March 20, 1911. Dear Mr. Townsend: I received the plants O.K. Strictly fine, best I ever bought. 1 want you to send my neighbors your ca^^alog. Allow me to thank you for the extras. Will order from you whenever I want more plants. S. J.Johnson Plant City, Florida. Nov. 31st. E. W. Townsend & Co., Salisbury, Md. Dear Sirs: Plants came on time and fine. Thank you. Respectively, C. W. Munro. We are preparing for the season of 1913 a mammoth catalog, which we are unable to get out this season as we desired. This book will be entirely FREE to all that a.sk for it. And T earnestly ask each one of our old customers to send us the names of their friends that they think will be interested in our book. This book we shall try to make so interesting that our friends will not lay it aside or throw it away as an ordinary catalog. Please remember this and send us the names of your friends whether you need plants this season or not. If we get the same name twice or three times "vve can straighten it out at this end. I thank you in advance both for the name of your friends and also your orders. The cufs in this catalog show many of the fields of our plants taken in October, 1911, which we will dig your plants from. A Letter To-Day From A Pennsylvania Friend. Ociuber 11, 1911. Dear Sir: I received the plants O.K.Strictly fine, fine count, well rooted, strong and vig- orous, looking well in the patch. T. S. STROM. SPECIAL BARGAIN OFFER. Send us $5.00 and we will send you by express prepaid, 500 plants of our very best table varieties that will bear fruit from early spring until fall. Our own selection. We pick varieties that best suit your locality. 500 plants $5.00; 1000 plants $10.00. The above offer is limited to our being sold out of the fall bear- ing varieties. Jn case we are we will return your money. Another special offer for trial beds, — plants. We will allow you to pick your choice of 25 each, of 25 different varie- ties. Your own choice for $10.00. Every strawberry grower should avail himself of this offer, as he will certainly find some of the varieties that will pay him many times over for the small sum in- vested.besides the pleasure in watching them grow in his own trial bed. BEWARE OF FRAUD AGENTS Claiming to sell our plants. Have them show their credentials. 18 E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md. LUCRETIA.— Earlier than the earliest blackberry and as large as the largest of them. Most largely grown of all dewberries for market. The canes are very hardy and exceedingly prolific, thriving almost everywhere; of slender trailing habits, and entirely free from disease and insect attacks, the fruit black, rich and melting. This is proba- bly the best shipping variety of dew- berries in cultivation. Price: Cuttings, $1.00 per 1,000; plants, $5.00 per 1,000. AUSTIN'S IMPROVED (MAYES). —An early dewberry of excellent quality. Produces large crops, but the berries lack firmness for long shipment, hence, valuable chiefly for home use or locai market. If, however. they are Kevr picked up close as soon as ripe ana not allowed to stand too long on tn*^ vine they may be shipped a reasonabT- distance. Prices will usually compar- very favorably with other varieties a." you get extra early fruit, which is m better demand. The berries are largr. short and thick. Canes vigorous, har<T and productive; ripens about a ween; earlier than Lucretia, and for this re».- son is valuable to grow in connection with that variety, It is very har<3>' and seldom fails to give a good crot Price: Cuttings, $1.00 per 1,000; plant 55.00 per 1,000. Catalogue of Thoroughbred Strawberry Plants 19 This industry will probably be our life fpork, and it is our purpose, not to see how many orders we can fill today, with just anything, so it is a strawberry plant regardless of how grown or the va- riety ordered, but to furnish good plants properly grown and true to name, so that we will merit your order and your neighbor's order in the future, and we take this opportunity of thanking the many customers of the past for their lib- eral patronage, and the many kind words of encouragement received from them. It will be our constant study in the future, as it has been in the past, to try to give perfect satisfaction to the old as well as new customers who en- trust their orders to us; our success, we feel confident, depends wholly on the satisfaction we may be able to give our patrons. Claims, if any, must be made immedi- ately on receipt of plants. We cannot be responsible for treatment after receipt, or misfortune caused by drouths, floods, improper treatment or other causes. Express Charges. — The reason we a,d- vise shipment by express is because plants are more or less peri.shable, and the quickest tran.sportation is best for satisfactory results. And. then Express Companies allow a reduction of twenty per cent from the regular mei-chandise rate on plants, bulbs, etc., and bill the shipm.ent at the number of pounds iveight. Approximate Weight of Plants. — Ap- proximate weight of orders containing assorted varieties packed for sliipment is: 1000 plants 20 pounds; 2000 plants, 35 pounds; 5000 plants, 80 pounds; 10000 plants 150 pounds. Then to determine the probable ex- press charges inquire of your agent for the merchandise rate to Salisbury, Md., frum which deduct twenty per cent, and figure according to the approximate weights. SWEET POTATO SPROUTS.— WE grow eveiy year a large bed and will be glad to quote our customers prices on any order they wish. NUMBER OF PLANTS REQUIRED TO SET 1 ACRE. 18 inches by 3 feet 9680 plants 18 inches by 3 1-2 feet 8297 plants 24 inches by 3 1-2 7260 plants 24 inches by 3 1-2 feet 6222 plants 24 inches by 4 feet 5445 plants 30 inches by 3 1-2 feet 4078 plants 30 inches by 4 feet 4356 plants 36 inches by 3 1-2 feet 4148 plants 36 inches by 4 feet 3630 plants 48 inches by 4 feet 2722 plants 48 inches by 6 feet 1815 plants 48 inches by 7 feet 1555 plants SELECT CUCUMBER SEED. TOWSEXD'S EARLY FORTUNE— This is the earliest cucumber grown; ready to ship 50 days from time of planting. Blossoms and bears at every joint, making it the most prolific. Holds color several days after getting its full size, making it the leader as a market cucumber. In 1910 we grew 1000 bushels to the acre. Price, one-quarter pound, 50c, one pound, $1,75. Special price on large lots. IMPROVED WHITE SPTXE— Well known the country over. We have a fine stock of select seed. One-quarter pound, 40c, one pound, $1.50. CANTALOUPE SEED. EDEX GEM— Too well known to need description. The leading market variety. Stock Xo. 1, per pound, $2,50. Xo. 2, per pound, $2,00. Xo. 3, per potind, $1,00. Special prices on large lots. EVr.RY FARMER SHOULD HAVE AT LE/iST A FAMILY PATCH. As there is nothing more de- lirious than a nice plate of fresh strawberries and cream, say nothing of the short-cakes and the many cans thav can be canned and laid away for the winter. Send us $5.00 and we will send you a selection of plants that bear fruit continuously for six months in the year. Just say send me your own family collection. I will do the rest. I'repaid to your door. Make all orders payaV Townserd, Salisbury Md. to E. W Get TOWXSEXDS THOROUGHBREDS. Ihey are ilie cheapest in the end. E. W. Townsend, Salisbury. Md. We have built up a strain of plants not surpassed by any one. Our method in improving varieties is to select only the first and largest plants that mature each year, by cutting back the runners that come afterwards. By doing this we have secured a stock of plants that will put out more crowns and are stronger in every particular than the common field grown plants that are taken from the middle of the rows year after year. Any variety to run several seasons without new breeding and will give you the best of satisfaction when grown in wide matted rows. A trial will convince you if you have never grown our plants. Write for our new big 1913 catalog. When you send in your order we will pub lish hundreds and hundreds of good stuff for you. Were too late in getting same out for this season. Will be ready to mail early in summer 1912. Tells how to Grow THOROu^ -DS. and v/hy IT PAxS CIS and how it WILL PAY YOU. Pasadena, Texas Feb. 9th, 1911, Mr. E. W. Townsend, Dear Sir: — xhe shipment of Klondyke plants arrived O.K. Will say I am well pleased. Every plant is strong and vigorous. Yours truly, T. R. Duffield, How it that for small Klondykes? Griffin Fla. Dear Sir:— The 10,000 plants came to hand in fine shape. I think they are the finest I ever eaw shipped out. I shall take pleas- ure in doing buisness with your house In the future, and shall advis eMy Frineds to order from you when they want some- thing GOOD. J. E. GRIFFIN & SON. learned where to buy plants. Will set more every season. Some best plants ever came here give best satisfaction. Some asking us to go thousands of miles to se their patches. Othei s wanting to know now we grow them so mmuch better. I The Strawberry Growers' Friend. Letters like the above are very encour aging to me and always make me strive to even better things. E. W. T. We could print hundreds of such testi- monials from the state of Texas if space would allow. Some write like this: have Special Notices^ I S£LL DIREOT— to the people, saving them over one-half qn their orders. NO SHORTAGE —on plants with me this season. Positively every order can be filled. WE CANusually fill orders promptly from November first, until May the first. BEAR IN MIND — that there is no better plants grown than I grow no matter what you pay. ALL PLANTS —sent out by me have the highest fruiting power, grown from strong, healthy mother plants selected by a strawberry expert. THIS IS MY SPBOIALTY^growing strawberry plants and propa- gating new varieties. I have all my eggs in one basket and keep my eyes on the BASKET. I WANT YOUR ORDER — this season. I promise to please you. I am responsible. Ask your neighbor about me. Townsend's Thor- oughbreds is a household word in nearly eyery State. They never fail to grow a crop of bigredberries. HUNDREDS — are making more g^rowing strawberries than they are growing any other crops. You can do the same if you grow Townsend's Thoroughbreds. There is no garden too small for a few hills of strawberries. There is no mouth too sweet for a ripe red BERRY. REMEMBER ._,.^yhen you place your order place it with TOWNSEND— the man that SATISFIES. New Business Offer In order to get NEW CUSTOMERS to try my plants this season T make the following extraordinary offers. EVERY NEW CUSTOMER— sending me an order Amounting to $5.00 I Avill give FREE $1.00 worth of any plants Hsted in this catalogue, FOR A TEN DOLLAR ORDER ~I will give FREE $1.50 worth of any plants listed in this catalogue- FOR A TWENTY DOLLAR ORDER— I Avill give FREE $2 00 worth of any plants listed in this catalogue. rOR EVERY ORDER RECEIVED FROM NEW CUSTOMERS —under $5.00 and over $100 I will give FREE 6 First Prize Plants and 6 Mary- land Prize plants, two new varieties introduced by me, that are worthy of space in any one's garden, PLEASE STATE — on your order that you are a new customer. We will then enter your name on the preferred list, I WANT 1000 MORE NEW CUSTOMERS— this season If I get thfem it will mean 2000 more for 1913. for every satisfied customer means more business, Will you be one of the NEW ONES? I will do exactly as I agree. I promise to please you. My only request is: Show my plants to your neighbors and tell them where you bought them. Address all Orders to E. W« TOWNSEND, SALISBURY, MARYLAND. Please make Post Office Orders on Salisbury, Md. New York Bank Exchange to be had at any Bank. We do not send plants C. O. D.